The City of Bonn

To give our guest an idea of our beautiful City here is some information about Bonn:

 

Bonn was founded by the Romans on the edge of their empire, marked by the river Rhine. About the same time nearby Cologne was founded, though Cologne became the more important City in  the Middle Ages, when the shrine of the three Wise Men made Cologne one of the most popular pilgrim sites in Europe.

Still, like many towns surrounding Cologne a palace was build in Bonn by an Prince Bishop of Cologne, which today is part of the University of Bonn.

In the 18th century, following the napoleonic wars and the secularisation the region became part of Prussia. The Prussians were protestant and wanted to keep the influence of the Archbishop of Cologne under control, so instead of reopening the University of Cologne, which had been closed under Napoleon, they founded a new University in Bonn. Even more, many Prussian noble families chose to send their sons to study here, since they considered the provincial Bonn, far away from the temptations of Berlin an ideal place where the young men could not get into too much trouble. Even the last German Emperor Willhelm II studied at Bonn university, as did Karl Marx and for a short year Friedrich Nietzsche. Many important figures passed through the university of Bonn in various roles: Henrich Hertz was a Professor in Bonn, as was Josef Ratzinger, today better known as Benedict XXI. Konrad Adenauer studied in Bonn, as did many other important German politicians.

After World War II Bonn rose in importance, when driven by Konrad Adenauer it became the Capital of western Germany, which it remained until the German Reunification. Today historians describe this time in German history as the „Bonn Republic“.

After the Capital moved back to Berlin Bonn succesfully applied to host the United Nations, so today there is a UNO presence in Bonn, as well as many research facilities, since Bonn redefined itself as a science region when the government left for Berlin. Still many ministries are partially located in Bonn as well.

The sights in Bonn are from this history. In the City Center of Bonn at the Münsterplatz you can see a statue of the City’s most famous son: Beethoven. The square is named fot the Bonner Münster, the central church of Bonn. It is a beautiful 1000 year old roman stlye church.  Two Kings were crowned here in medival times: Frederick III and Charles IV, who would later transform Prague into the Golden City.

The University Main building is located just on the edge of the old City Center, a large yellow painted palace. It is linked by an alley to a smaller palace, which today also is part of the university.

The historical City Hall located at the market square, just a few hundred meters from the Münsterplatz has seen quite a few international figures, when Bonn was Capital, the likes of Kennedy or the Queen being received here.

The old government quarter, now largely given to the UN, lies a few kilometers up the river. Between the Center and the old government quarter several museums can be found. The „Haus der Geschichte“ is a museum of German post war history which you can visit free of charge. next to it are two large Museums of art. Abit closer to the Center is „Museum König“ a museum of natural history, which was mostly undamaged after the war and thus became the place where the German Consitution was written after World War II.

25 km to the north lies Cologne, with its large Cathedral and rich history worth a visit.

To the south it becomes more rural , the Eifel region, is a mountainous area formed millenia ago by vulcanic activity and is popular for hiking.